Age-Related Eye Issues

As we age, our vision starts to deteriorate. Even people who have never had any problems before often begin to notice some loss of vision around age 40. This is perfectly normal and is not something to be worried about. Corrective lenses like glasses or contacts can solve the majority of vision problems and allow adults to live healthy, active lifestyles well into their later years. The older we become though, the more we are at risk of debilitating eye illnesses. Some common age-related eye diseases are glaucoma, cataracts, diabetic eye disease, age-related macular degeneration, low vision, and dry eye.

The best, and sometime only, way to diagnose an age-related eye disease is with a comprehensive dilated eye exam. Dilation open up the patient’s pupils as wide as possible letting the maximum amount of light to enter. This allows the eye doctor to see all the way to the back of the eye where the retina is located. A comprehensive dilated eye exam at least once per year can diagnose any eye disease early while it is in its most treatable stages. When an eye disease goes undiagnosed, and therefore untreated, for a long period of time, the affects can become much more severe. Depending on certain risk factors, the eye doctor may recommend a dilated eye exam more frequently than once per year.

There are many different types of age-related eye diseases and each one affects vision in a different manner. Knowing the affects a particular disease can have on your vision will help you to inform the doctor of what you are experiencing, allowing them to more easily diagnose any disease.

Glaucoma consists of a group of diseases that affect the optic nerve that sends light signals to the brain to be decoded. Glaucoma can result in vision loss or even blindness and is normally described as causing high-pressure in the eye which affects peripheral vision.

Cataracts are a clouding of the eye’s lens. Individuals with cataracts have blurry vision that seems faded or full of glare.

Diabetic eye disease is a complication from diabetes and is the leading form of blindness in the U.S. now. It results from damage to tiny blood vessels in the retina.

Age-related macular degeneration affects the sharp central vision that is required for common tasks such as reading and driving.

Low vision is when it is hard to see even when wearing glasses or contacts and sometimes even after vision surgery.

Dry eye is caused when the eye does not produce enough tears or they are not of the right consistency. Dry eyes can make it hard to focus on things like a book or computer screen for an extended period of time.

If you are over 50 and have any signs of an age-related eye complication, contact your local eye doctor to schedule a dilated eye exam immediately so any disease can be diagnosed and treated before it becomes worse.

Our optometrist in Los Angeles can provide you with more information about age-related eye conditions. This doctor also provides optical exams in Los Angeles.